- Improvements in drilling sensors and GPS have helped attain immense improvements in horizontal directional drilling technology.
- The APAC region will dominate market share in horizontal direction drilling.
- Infrastructure and oil and gas development are driving market growth in the Middle East and Africa.
The concept of directional drilling involves drilling wells at multiple angels (including vertical drilling), to reach the reserves. In Oil & Gas sector, the directional drilling including HDD has advanced technologically in terms of drilling multiple holes. Today, a single vertical hole is drilled up to a certain depth and from there the drill bits can be taken in multiple angular direction that runs parallel to the ground. This directional drilling helps in reducing environment impact which was high in case of multiple puncturing.
Improvements in drilling sensors and GPS (Global Positioning Systems) has helped attain immense improvements in horizontal directional drilling technology. Today, the drill bit angle can be controlled with high accuracy and real time data acquisition technologies. This helps in providing multiple solutions to drilling challenges like tool failure, mud extraction, and accurate angular movement to hit the reserve amongst others. The tools utilized to achieve directional drilling are whip-stocks, bottom-hole assembly (BHA) configurations, 3-D measuring devices, mud motors and specialized (diamond core) drill bits.
The tools and techniques used in horizontal direction drilling process in oil and gas industry has eventually led to this technology being applied into other end use industries like telecommunications, energy & utilities and electric transmission systems (underground) to connect underground pipelines, beach pull of underground pipelines, lay optic fiber cables, join existing cables with new fibers and duct laying amongst others. Earlier a trench was to be excavated to initiate drilling process including HDD. But now with advent of technologies, the HDD tools can be set up in a trenchless environment that has further minimized environmental impact. The trenchless technology allows obstacles like rivers, roads, terrain, mountains, roads & residential areas and other protection zones to be crossed underground. This underground pipeline is also better protected against other external influences like surrounding pressure and natural calamities like earthquakes.
The components used for horizontal drilling in case of telecommunication cables, utilities and electrical transmission set-up are similar to those utilized in oil well drilling rig. The drill pipe and down-hole tools are generally interchangeable. Drilling fluid is used throughout the operation to reduce friction and stabilize the hole from extremely high pressure built due to hole drilled. Except oil and gas sector, HDD utilized for other end–use industry sometimes use boring instead of drilling especially when machines are used to extract underground water. Otherwise, drilling is the common terminology used in case puncturing hole into the ground.
Based on the geographical segment, the region with largest market share of the horizontal directional drilling market was Asia Pacific (APAC) in 2017. Boom in mega construction and infrastructure projects, rapid urbanization, improving transportation and road facilities, high underground water extraction and rapidly expanding telecom industry are some of the major driving factors for the market growth in APAC. MEA is expected to follow after APAC on account of massive infrastructure development and oil and gas development in the GCC, South Africa, and other West African countries. North America and Europe are expected to have moderate growth rate and Latin America also expected to witness high growth rate during the forecast period.
Global Horizontal Directional Drilling (HDD) Market is segmented on the following basis:
- By End-use Industry
- Oil & Gas
- Energy & Utilities (Water, Gas, Oil Products and Power Distribution)
- Electric Transmission
- By Geography
- North America
- Rest of Europe
- Asia Pacific
- Rest of APAC
- Latin America
- Rest of Latin America
- Middle-East & Africa (MEA)
- Rest of MEA
- North America
Key players across the pile driving equipment’s value chain are:
Drillto Trenchless Co., Ltd., Prime Drilling GmbH, XCMG Group, Herrenknecht AG, Tracto Technique GmbH & Co. KG, Ditch Witch Ltd., Goodend Machines International, XCMG Group Co., Ltd., Zoomlion ElectroMech India Pvt. Ltd., CNH Industrial America LLC and DE/TXS Construction Equipment Co., Ltd.